Retrospective Justice: Apologies, Reparations, Acknowledgments?

Let's use this space for reflecting upon forms of retrospective or restorative justice that institutions of higher learning might engage in as they reflect upon their historical entanglements with the slave trade and slavery. How are lines of accountability and ethical responsibility to be determined? What forms of amends are called for, by institutions in a formal sense or by more diffuse moral communities?


  • Alfred Brophy, Reparations: Pro and Con (Oxford University Press) [Includes a discussion of reparation and apology debates at Alabama, Brown, etc.]
  • Melissa Nobles. The Politics of Official Apologies, (Cambridge University Press, 2008),